Prevention: Key Facts


  • 2.5 million people in England have Type 2 diabetes
  • It costs the taxpayer 10 billion a year – a tenth of the annual NHS budget
  • 20,000 people with diabetes die early every year
  • It is responsible for more than 100 amputations a week
  • It is a leading cause of preventable sight loss in people of working age
  • It is a major contributor to kidney failure, heart attack and stroke
  • Type 1 Diabetes is an auto immune condition not related to lifestyle
  • 90% of people with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes - they might get Type 2 diabetes because their family history, age and ethnic background puts them at increased risk
  • People with Type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin, or the insulin they produce doesn’t work properly (known as insulin resistance)
  • People are more likely to get Type 2 diabetes if they are overweight
  • Type 2 diabetes starts gradually, usually later in life, and it can be years before people realise they have it
  • Type 2 diabetes is treated with a healthy diet and increased physical activity - in addition, tablets and/or insulin can be required although you can’t change some of the risk factors for Type 2 diabetes, such as age, ethnicity, and genetic link, you can lower your risk significantly by reducing weight, reducing waist size through eating less and/or healthier eating, and being more physically active

Source: NHS England